ORDER OF THE MASS

 

Basic Texts for the Roman Catholic Eucharist


The basic structure of the Mass has four parts: two (main parts) and two framing rites:


INTRODUCTORY RITES

 

Entrance Procession:

[stand]

Entrance Chant

When the people are gathered, the Priest approaches the altar with the ministers while the Entrance Chant is sung.

When he has arrived at the altar, after making a profound bow with the ministers, the Priest venerates the altar with a kiss and, if appropriate, incenses the cross and the altar. Then, with the ministers, he goes to the chair.

When the Entrance Chant is concluded, the Priest and the faithful, standing, sign themselves with the Sign of the Cross,

 

Greeting:

The Priest:  In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.  

The people:  Amen.

 

The Priest:

The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God,and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all.

             Or:

 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

             Or:

 The Lord be with you.

 The people: And with your spirit.

 

The Priest, or a Deacon, or another minister, may very briefly introduce the faithful to the Mass of the day.

 

Penitential Rite:

Then follows the Penitential Act, to which the Priest invites the faithful,

The Priest: Brethren (brothers and sisters), let us acknowledge our sins, and so prepare ourselves to celebrate the sacred mysteries.

 

A brief pause for silence follows. Then all recite together the formula of general confession:

 

I confess to almighty God and to you, my brothers and sisters, that I have greatly sinned, in my thoughts and in my words, in what I have done and in what I have failed to do,

And, striking their breast, they say:

through my fault, through my fault, through my most grievous fault;

Then they continue:

therefore I ask blessed Mary ever-Virgin, all the Angels and Saints, and you, my brothers and sisters, to pray for me to the Lord our God.

 

The Priest: May almighty God have mercy on us, forgive us our sins, and bring us to everlasting life.

The people: Amen.

 

Or:

The Priest invites the faithful to make the Penitential Act:

The Priest: Brethren (brothers and sisters), let us acknowledge our sins, and so prepare ourselves to celebrate the sacred mysteries.

 

A brief pause for silence follows.

 

The Priest : Have mercy on us, O Lord.

The people reply:  For we have sinned against you.

The Priest: Show us, O Lord, your mercy.

The people: And grant us your salvation.

The Priest: May almighty God have mercy on us, forgive us our sins, and bring us to everlasting life.

The people: Amen.

 

Or:

The Priest invites the faithful to make the Penitential Act:

The Priest: Brethren (brothers and sisters), let us acknowledge our sins, and so prepare ourselves to celebrate the sacred mysteries.

 

A brief pause for silence follows.

 

The Priest: You were sent to heal the contrite of heart: Lord, have mercy. Or: Kyrie, eleison.

The people: Lord, have mercy. Or: Kyrie, eleison.

The Priest: You came to call sinners: Christ, have mercy. Or: Christe, eleison.

The people: Christ, have mercy. Or: Christe, eleison.

The Priest: You are seated at the right hand of the Father to intercede for us: Lord, have mercy. Or: Kyrie, eleison.

The people: Lord, have mercy. Or: Kyrie, eleison.

The Priest: May almighty God have mercy on us, forgive us our sins, and bring us to everlasting life.

The people: Amen.

Kyrie:

The Kyrie eleison (Lord, have mercy) invocations follow, unless they have just occurred in a formula of the Penitential Act.

V Lord, have mercy.    R Lord, have mercy.
V Christ, have mercy.  R:  Christ, have mercy.
V Lord, have mercy.   R Lord, have mercy.

 or 

V Kyrie, eleison.     R Kyrie, eleison.
V Christe, eleisonR:  Christe, eleison.
V Kyrie, eleison.    R Kyrie, eleison.

 

Gloria: (will not be sung during lent and advert )

Then, when it is prescribed, this hymn is either sung or said:

Glory to God in the highest,

and on earth peace to people of good will.

We praise you,

we bless you,

we adore you,

we glorify you,

we give you thanks for your great glory,

Lord God, heavenly King,

O God, almighty Father.

Lord Jesus Christ, Only Begotten Son,

Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father,

you take away the sins of the world,

have mercy on us;

you take away the sins of the world,

receive our prayer;

you are seated at the right hand of the Father,

have mercy on us.

For you alone are the Holy One,

you alone are the Lord,

you alone are the Most High,

Jesus Christ,

with the Holy Spirit,

in the glory of God the Father.

Amen.

When this hymn is concluded,

 

Collect prayer

The Priest: Let us pray.

And all pray in silence with the Priest for a while.

Then the Priest, with hands extended, says the Collect prayer, at the end of which the people acclaim:

The people: Amen.


LITURGY OF THE WORD

 

[sit]

First Reading:

Then the reader goes to the ambo and reads the First Reading, while all sit and listen.

To indicate the end of the reading,

The reader: The word of the Lord.

The people: Thanks be to God.

Responsorial Psalm:

The psalmist or cantor sings or says the Psalm, with the people making the response.

 

Second Reading:

After this, if there is to be a Second Reading, a reader reads it from the ambo, as above.

To indicate the end of the reading,

The reader: The word of the Lord.

The people: Thanks be to God.

[stand]
Alleluia or Gospel Acclamation:

There follows the Alleluia or another chant laid down by the rubrics, as the liturgical time requires.

Meanwhile, if incense is used, the Priest puts some into the thurible. After this, the Deacon who is to proclaim the Gospel, bowing profoundly before the Priest, asks for the blessing,

The Deacon says in a low voice: Your blessing, Father.

The Priest says in a low voice:

May the Lord be in your heart and on your lips,

that you may proclaim his Gospel worthily and well,

in the name of the Father and of the Son X and of the Holy Spirit.

The Deacon signs himself with the Sign of the Cross and replies: Amen.

 

If, however, a Deacon is not present, the Priest, bowing before the altar, says quietly:

Cleanse my heart and my lips, almighty God,

that I may worthily proclaim your holy Gospel.

Gospel:

The Deacon, or the Priest, then proceeds to the ambo, accompanied, if appropriate, by ministers with incense and candles. There he says:

The Deacon, or the Priest: The Lord be with you.

The people: And with your spirit.

The Deacon, or the Priest: A reading from the holy Gospel according to N.

and, at the same time, he makes the Sign of the Cross on the book and on his forehead, lips, and breast.

The people: Glory to you, O Lord.

Then the Deacon, or the Priest, incenses the book, if incense is used, and proclaims the Gospel.

At the end of the Gospel,

The Deacon, or the Priest: The Gospel of the Lord.

The people: Praise to you, Lord Jesus Christ.

Then he kisses the book, saying quietly:

Through the words of the Gospel may our sins be wiped away.

[sit]

Homily:

Then follows the Homily, which is to be preached by a Priest or Deacon on all Sundays and Holydays of Obligation; on other days, it is recommended.

 

[stand]
Profession of Faith:

At the end of the Homily, the Symbol or Profession of Faith or Creed, when prescribed, is either sung or said:

I believe in one God,

the Father almighty,

maker of heaven and earth,

of all things visible and invisible.

I believe in one Lord Jesus Christ,

the Only Begotten Son of God,

born of the Father before all ages.

God from God, Light from Light,

true God from true God,

begotten, not made, consubstantial with the Father;

through him all things were made.

For us men and for our salvation

he came down from heaven,

At the words that follow up to and including and became man, all bow.

"and by the Holy Spirit was incarnate of the Virgin Mary,

and became man."

For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate,

he suffered death and was buried,

and rose again on the third day

in accordance with the Scriptures.

He ascended into heaven

and is seated at the right hand of the Father.

He will come again in glory

to judge the living and the dead

and his kingdom will have no end.

I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life,

who proceeds from the Father and the Son,

who with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified,

who has spoken through the prophets.

I believe in one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church.

I confess one Baptism for the forgiveness of sins

and I look forward to the resurrection of the dead

and the life of the world to come. Amen.

 

or

Instead of the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed, especially during Lent and Easter Time, the baptismal Symbol of the Roman Church, known as the Apostles’ Creed, may be used.

 

I believe in God,

the Father almighty,

Creator of heaven and earth,

and in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord,

At the words that follow, up to and including the Virgin Mary, all bow.

who was conceived "by the Holy Spirit,

born of the Virgin Mary",

suffered under Pontius Pilate,

was crucified, died and was buried;

he descended into hell;

on the third day he rose again from the dead;

he ascended into heaven,

and is seated at the right hand of God the Father almighty;

from there he will come to judge the living and the dead.

I believe in the Holy Spirit,

the holy catholic Church,

the communion of saints,

the forgiveness of sins,

the resurrection of the body,

and life everlasting. Amen.

Prayer of the Faithful / General Intercessions:

Then follows the Universal Prayer, that is, the Prayer of the Faithful or Bidding Prayers.

The Lector: Let us pray to the Lord.
The People:  
Lord, hear our prayer. 

 

 

LITURGY OF THE EUCHARIST

 

Presentation of the Gifts / Preparation of the Altar:

[sit]

Offertory Chant

When all this has been done, the Offertory Chant begins. Meanwhile, the ministers place the corporal, the purificator, the chalice, the pall, and the Missal on the altar.

It is desirable that the faithful express their participation by making an offering, bringing forward bread and wine for the celebration of the Eucharist and perhaps other gifts to relieve the needs of the Church and of the poor.

The Priest, standing at the altar, takes the paten with the bread and holds it slightly raised above the altar with both hands, saying in a low voice:

Blessed are you, Lord God of all creation,

for through your goodness we have received

the bread we offer you:

fruit of the earth and work of human hands,

it will become for us the bread of life.

Then he places the paten with the bread on the corporal.

If, however, the Offertory Chant is not sung, the Priest may speak these words aloud; at the end, the people may acclaim: Blessed be God for ever.

 

The Deacon, or the Priest, pours wine and a little water into the chalice, saying quietly:

By the mystery of this water and wine

may we come to share in the divinity of Christ

who humbled himself to share in our humanity.

 

The Priest then takes the chalice and holds it slightly raised above the altar with both hands, saying in a low voice:

Blessed are you, Lord God of all creation,

for through your goodness we have received

the wine we offer you:

fruit of the vine and work of human hands,

it will become our spiritual drink.

Then he places the chalice on the corporal.

If, however, the Offertory Chant is not sung, the Priest may speak these words aloud; at the end, the people may acclaim: Blessed be God for ever.

 

After this, the Priest, bowing profoundly, says quietly:

With humble spirit and contrite heart

may we be accepted by you, O Lord,

and may our sacrifice in your sight this day

be pleasing to you, Lord God.

 

If appropriate, he also incenses the offerings, the cross, and the altar. A Deacon or other minister then incenses the Priest and the people.

Then the Priest, standing at the side of the altar, washes his hands, saying quietly:

Wash me, O Lord, from my iniquity

and cleanse me from my sin.

[stand]

Standing at the middle of the altar, facing the people, extending and then joining his hands, 

The Priest: Pray, brethren (brothers and sisters), that my sacrifice and yours may be acceptable to God,

the almighty Father.

The people: May the Lord accept the sacrifice at your hands for the praise and glory of his name, for our good and the good of all his holy Church.

Prayer over the Offerings

Then the Priest, with hands extended, says the Prayer over the Offerings, at the end.

The people: Amen.

 

Eucharistic Prayer:

Then the Priest begins the Eucharistic Prayer.

The Priest: The Lord be with you.

The people: And with your spirit.

The Priest: Lift up your hearts.

The people: We lift them up to the Lord.

The Priest: Let us give thanks to the Lord our God.

The people: It is right and just.

The Preface

The Priest, with hands extended, continues the Preface.

At the end of the Preface he joins his hands and concludes the Preface with the people, singing or saying aloud:

 

Holy, Holy, Holy Lord God of hosts.

Heaven and earth are full of your glory.

Hosanna in the highest.

Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord.

Hosanna in the highest.

[kneel]

 

For acceptance of the offering

 

The Consecration: The Lord's Supper

 

Proclaim the mystery of faith

The Priest:  The mystery of faith. 
The people:

We proclaim your Death, O Lord,

and profess your Resurrection

until you come again.

Or:

When we eat this Bread and drink this Cup,

we proclaim your Death, O Lord,

until you come again.

Or:

Save us, Savior of the world,

for by your Cross and Resurrection

you have set us free.

Memorial of the Paschal Mystery and offering
 

Doxology and Great Amen:

He takes the chalice and the paten with the host and, raising both, 
The Priest: Through him, with him, and in him, in the unity of the Holy Spirit, all glory and honor is yours, almighty Father, for ever and ever.
The people: Amen.

 

Communion Rite

[stand]

Lord's Prayer:

After the chalice and paten have been set down, the Priest, with hands joined,

The Priest: At the Savior’s command and formed by divine teaching, we dare to say:

He extends his hands and, together with the people, continues:

Our Father, who art in heaven,

hallowed be thy name;

thy kingdom come,

thy will be done

on earth as it is in heaven.

Give us this day our daily bread,

and forgive us our trespasses,

as we forgive those who trespass against us;

and lead us not into temptation,

but deliver us from evil.

 

The Priest:

Deliver us, Lord, we pray, from every evil,

graciously grant peace in our days,

that, by the help of your mercy,

we may be always free from sin

and safe from all distress,

as we await the blessed hope

and the coming of our Savior, Jesus Christ.

 

The people:For the kingdom, the power and the glory are yours now and for ever.

The Priest:

Lord Jesus Christ,

who said to your Apostles:

Peace I leave you, my peace I give you;

look not on our sins,

but on the faith of your Church,

and graciously grant her peace and unity

in accordance with your will.  

Who live and reign for ever and ever.

The people: Amen.

The Priest: The peace of the Lord be with you always.

The people: And with your spirit.

Sign of Peace:

The Deacon, or the Priest:

Let us offer each other the sign of peace.

And all offer one another a sign, in keeping with local customs, that expresses peace, communion, and charity. The Priest gives the sign of peace to a Deacon or minister.

Then he takes the host, breaks it over the paten, and places a small piece in the chalice, saying quietly:

May this mingling of the Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus Christbring eternal life to us who receive it.

Meanwhile the following is sung or said:

Lamb of God, you take away the sins of the world,

have mercy on us.

Lamb of God, you take away the sins of the world,

have mercy on us.

Lamb of God, you take away the sins of the world,

grant us peace.

 

[kneel]

 Then the Priest, with hands joined, says quietly:

Lord Jesus Christ, Son of the living God,

who, by the will of the Father

and the work of the Holy Spirit,

through your Death gave life to the world,

free me by this, your most holy Body and Blood,

from all my sins and from every evil;

keep me always faithful to your commandments,

and never let me be parted from you.

Or:

May the receiving of your Body and Blood,

Lord Jesus Christ,

not bring me to judgment and condemnation,

but through your loving mercy

be for me protection in mind and body

and a healing remedy.

Communion:

The Priest genuflects, takes the host and, holding it slightly raised above the paten or above the chalice, while facing the people, says aloud:

Behold the Lamb of God,

behold him who takes away the sins of the world.

Blessed are those called to the supper of the Lamb.

 

And together with the people he adds once:

 

Lord, I am not worthy

that you should enter under my roof,

but only say the word

and my soul shall be healed.

 

The Priest, facing the altar, says quietly:

May the Body of Christ

keep me safe for eternal life.

And he reverently consumes the Body of Christ.

Then he takes the chalice and says quietly:

May the Blood of Christ

keep me safe for eternal life.

And he reverently consumes the Blood of Christ.

[stand]    

Receiving communion

After this, he takes the paten or ciborium and approaches the communicants. The Priest raises a host slightly and shows it to each of the communicants, saying:

Communion Minister:  The body of Christ.   

Communicant:  Amen.

[sit]

Communion Chant:

While the Priest is receiving the Body of Christ, the Communion Chant begins.

When the distribution of Communion is over, the Priest or a Deacon or an acolyte purifies the paten over the chalice and also the chalice itself.

While he carries out the purification, the Priest says quietly:

What has passed our lips as food, O Lord,

may we possess in purity of heart,

that what has been given to us in time

may be our healing for eternity.

Song of Praise or Period of Silence :

Then the Priest may return to the chair. If appropriate, a sacred silence may be observed for a while, or a psalm or other canticle of praise or a hymn may be sung.

 

[stand]

Prayer after Communion:

Then, standing at the altar or at the chair and facing the people, with hands joined,

The Priest:  Let us pray.

All pray in silence with the Priest for a while, unless silence has just been observed. Then the Priest, with hands extended, says the Prayer after Communion, at the end of which the people acclaim:


The people:  Amen.

[Announcements, etc. (if any [sit])]:

If they are necessary, any brief announcements to the people follow here.

 

 

THE CONCLUDING RITE

[stand]

Then the dismissal takes place. The Priest, facing the people and extending his hands,

The Priest: The Lord be with you.

The people: And with your spirit.

 

The Priest blesses the people, saying:

Option A:  Simple Form

 

The Priest:

May almighty God bless you,

the Father, and the Son, X and the Holy Spirit.

 The people: Amen.

Option B: Solemn Blessing 

 

The Priest:  Bow your heads and pray for God's blessing.

[One or more invocations may be spoken, and the people usually respond "Amen" to each one. The following conclusion is always used.]

 

The Priest:May almighty God bless you,

the Father, and the Son, X and the Holy Spirit.

The people: Amen.

 

 

Dismissal:

The Priest:

Go forth, the Mass is ended.

Or:

Go and announce the Gospel of the Lord.

Or:

Go in peace, glorifying the Lord by your life.

Or:

Go in peace.

 

The people: Thanks be to God.

Then the Priest venerates the altar as usual with a kiss, as at the beginning. After making a profound bow with the ministers, he withdraws.

If any liturgical action follows immediately, the rites of dismissal are omitted.

 

[Recessional and Closing hymn]:


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